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Topic N8 ("The Weather and Climate Fluctuations")

'Funny weather we are having' is a statment of the obvious we

have used for generations as a greeting. When the deep cold lasts

long and heavy snow and blizzards give us the shivers we replace

"funny" with something stronger, such as "terrible", "ghastly".

At times like these people ask what is happening to the weather.

So we go to the experts, who tells us, in language appropriate to

the subject, what happened yesterday, what is happening today,

and what might happen in the next few years. Weather and climate

specialists all over the world have ammassed a vast quanity of

information. They can describe what is happening around us. With

satellites they can forecast more accurately what might happen in

the immediate future. Their research has produced evidence of why

past climatic changes took place.

There have been many climate fluctuations ovver th 10,000

years since Britain was last covered with an ice sheet. Advances

and retreats of ice in the northern hemisphere during the past

500,000 years can be accounted for by changes in the warmth from

the Sun.

This was caused by alterations in the Earth's orbit at

periods of 96,000, 40,000 and 20,000 years.

Although that theory is widley accepted as a possible

explanations for ice ages, it has not been proved. More than 50

theories have been put forward, but only a few have not been

completely dismissed.

Not long ago a new theory was published in the science

journal "Nature". According to Dr. Garry Hunt, of University

College, intense radiations from the nuclear explosion of a

nearby supernova - a star - could cause the destruction of part

or all of the ozone layer and in this way trigger an ice age.

As for me, i like Autumn best of all. The days become

shorter and the nights longer. It isn't so hot in the day-time.

The trees are covered with yellow and red leaves. At the end of

summer apples, pears, plums and other fruit become ripe. In the

South there are many oranges, peaches and tangerines. Autumn is

plesant when it does not rain. General Autumn is a rainy season

of the year. When it rains the weather is nasty. The sky is

covered with heavy clouds. It drizzles. It is muddy and wet.

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